On 30 June 2010, Yussuf Munyakazi, a former businessman in Bugarama, Cyangugu was sentenced to 25 years in prison by Trial Chamber I of the Tribunal, composed of Judges Florence Rita Arrey (Presiding), Mparany Rajohnson and Aydin Sefa Akay. The Chamber found Munyakazi guilty of genocide and extermination as a crime against humanity. He will remain in custody in the UN Detention Facility in Arusha until his transfer to a country where he will serve his sentence.
Trial Chamber I found that Munyakazi was a leader in incidents in Shangi parish on 29 April 1994 and Mibilizi parish on 30 April 1994 and that he was liable for the deaths of over 5,000 Tutsi civilians. The Chamber did not, however, hold that Munyakazi was part of a joint criminal enterprise.
The judges also ruled based on circumstantial evidence that Munyakazi intended to destroy the Tutsi ethnic group in whole or in part. It was ruled that the Prosecution had not proven beyond a reasonable doubt that Munyakazi recruited and trained Interahamwe, that he stored or distributed weapons to the Interahamwe, that he provided food and support beyond transportation to Shangi and Mibilizi, or that he took part in an attack in Nyamasheke parish on 16 April 1994.
Munyakazi was charged with genocide, complicity in genocide as an alternative to genocide, and extermination as a crime against humanity.
The charges were centered on events between 11 April and 14 May 1994 in Cyangugu and Kibuye prefectures in which Munyakazi allegedly incited and participated in acts of violence against Tutsi refugees. Munyakazi was arrested on 5 May 2004 in the Democratic Republic of Congo and was transferred to the UN Detention Facility on 7 May 2004. In his initial appearance on 12 May 2004, Munyakazi pleaded not guilty. Munyakazi’s defense team was led by Jwani Mwaikusa and the Prosecution was led by Richard Karegyesa.
Source: International Penal Tribunal for Rwanda