Economics - North Africa - Egypt - Ethiopia - Sudan - Agriculture - Food Security - Water
Russia’s decision this year to halt wheat exports has dealt Egypt a severe blow and brought many questions to the fore. Egypt’s population explosion is fast surpassing its agricultural capacities, and the Nile river water resource, which irrigates its reduced wheat farms, has also come under heavy scrutiny as other Nile riparian countries seek a break from colonial era agreements that give Egypt and Sudan about 90% of the Nile’s water. The clock is ticking away with incredible speed as Egypt tries to develop external strategies. Strategies that are increasingly becoming risky for Egypt.

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Egypt's conundrum over food security and the Nile's water -
Climate change and "ever encroaching desert". Water and space are scarce. Those facts cannot be changed. But the people decide what use is made of the land. Producing food for local consumption rather than strawberries for export, even though this may seem more expensive than importing wheat. Who benefits from the export earnings? It's absolutely necessary to stop population growth - by positive incentives - because it's physically impossible to provide food and lodging for ever more people. - Friday 15 October 2010 - 16:57


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