- Southern Africa
- Agriculture - Trade - Finance
New breed of tobacco farmers come to terms with reality
Confused farmers see only one way out
ZIMBABWE’S new breed of farmers created by Robert Mugabe’s chaotic and violent seizures of farmers from whites are a bitter lot. Those who ventured into tobacco cultivation are angry with the government.
Story by our correspondent in Harare
Since the auction floors opened up some weeks ago hundreds of farmers have turned the Tobacco Sales Floor along Willowvale Road in the industrial suburb of Southerton of Harare their home.
A good number of farmers have been waiting ever since their tobacco went under the hammer to get their pay cheques and return home. Most of them are first-time tobacco growers.
Angela thinks they are "very rude"
I spent some time with the farmers and they had no kind words for the Mugabe regime.
Angela Marimo is from Chinhoyi and says she had no idea that selling their tobacco would take that long, and was anxious about the safety of her children back home especially during the current violent election campaigns.
She said "I don’t think I will be growing tobacco again," she tells me dejectedly, wincing from the pain of the smoke stinging her eyes. "I had no idea it would be such a hassle. I am worried about my children back home. They are all alone. The oldest is just in Form 4. Can you believe that we came here with just two pairs of clothes?"
As first-time tobacco growers, she said she had come unprepared for a long stay in Harare and admit their stay has been a nightmare. At as early as 5am Angela and scores of others wake up to boil water for their husbands and make breakfast for him in aluminium tins picked up in a bin in the industrial area.
For a bath they are just content with only two or three handfuls of water on his face, under the circumstances.
Breakfast is roast sweet potatoes cooked overnight using the fire with which they warmed themselves during the night to save firewood, which is expensive.
"On Thursday last week names for the cheques that were ready were read out. My name was not there," Angela continues. "Nobody has told us what is going on. They are very rude. They snap at us and tell us ’go back home, your money is coming’. Some are lucky. They got part payments."
When males leave for the auction floor to wait for their payments and sell their tobacco, women take turns to stay on guard and take a quick bath behind the tobacco floors.
"If you are on guard you have to make sure when you see a man approaching you whistle so that the other women bathing cover themselves up," Tarisayi Chirondza joins in.
"At first I was ashamed to take a bath in the open but now I am used to it because I realise there is no other way."
After bathing the women take "stroll" into the high-density suburbs nearby to look for firewood.
They charge exorbitant prizes for food.
By the time they return, it’s time to prepare lunch for their husbands. Behind the Tobacco Sales Floor along Eltham Road where most of the farmers have set up temporary shelter, there are no lavatories and farmers and their families resort to the bush after hours.
With no water supply in the area, there are fears that a disease outbreak is imminent, especially in the absence of the proper toilet facilities.
To add to the growing population at the Tobacco Sales Floor during the day are the many cross-border traders and informal food vendors who have set up mini-markets there to take advantage of the huge captive market.
This year’s market better than last year’s?
By June 6, Zimbabwe had earned US$44 million from both contract and auction tobacco sales at all three floors since the tobacco selling season begun over a month ago.
Meanwhile, tobacco deliveries continue to rise with the latest figures from the TIMB showing that 21,8 million kilogrammes have been sold at the three floors since the beginning of the selling season.
This compares favourably with 24,5 million kg that were sold at an average price of US$2,19 during the corresponding period last year. The 21,8 million kg, which were sold at an average price of US$3,13 earned the country US$68,6 million against US$53,8 million earned for the same period last year.
A total of 13,2 million kg worth US$40,6 million were sold under contract while 8,5 million kg worth US$27,9 million were sold under individual sales.
A total of 74 672 kg of burley has been sold at an average price of US$1,64 realising US$122 145 so far. This compares with 52 213 kg that were sold at an average price of US$1,69 realising US$88 290 during the same period last year
No profits just a high inflation
However, farmers recently tore up their tobacco crop in protest on the auction floors as state price controls to combat hyperinflation threatened to wipe out their profits.
"The price is useless, we would rather keep my tobacco and sell to buyers from Malawi or Zambia," they said.
Some farmers tore up their bales and flicked tobacco leaves across the floor as other ripped off tags placed on their bales by the auctioneers that showed prices as low as one dollar (0.64 euros) per kilogramme (2.2 pounds).
At the time of protests authorities had kept the official exchange rate at 30,000 Zimbabwe dollars for one US dollar since September last year but on the thriving black market one US dollar can be exchanged for around a 100 million Zimbabwe dollars.
After weeks of being subjected to inhuman living conditions, tobacco farmers will get a chance of going back to their villages as the country’s three tobacco sales floors will close temporarily on Tuesday next week to pave way for the June 27 Presidential run-off.
TIMB acting chief executive, Dr Andrew Matibiri said in a statement on Wednesday that the resolution was taken by the TIMB board at its meeting held on Thursday last week.
"The board resolved to temporarily close all tobacco sales on Tuesday June 24, 2008 and re-open them on Monday 30th June 2008. "This decision was taken to enable tobacco growers to get their payments and travel back to their farms and homes in time for the Presidential run-off election," Dr Matibiri said.